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Southern illinois sites

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Southern Illinois Sites

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History Historic Sites. I really lucked out on this one with the way everything came together! Browse our guide to the closest and best Illinois wineries and vineyards for your next celebration or trip.

Southern Illinois Sites Video

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You can even go on a tree-based zipline canopy tour -- the only one in Illinois! While you may be sleeping amongst the trees, each treehouse is equipped with a bathroom, kitchenette, heating, and air conditioning.

For those that prefer to keep their feet planted firmly on the ground, you can also rent out an authentic log cabin that was originally built in Popeye creator E.

Segar was born in Chester, IL, and the town has devoted the last three decades to paying homage to him by erecting statues of every single character along what is now known as the Popeye Character Trail.

This teetotaling saloon has a truly bizarre interior featuring over taxidermied items, a giant statue of King Tut, a diorama replica of a New York tenement from the s, and more.

Over the years, the population of albino squirrels grew to 1, and became such a source of pride that the town officially adopted the strange little creature as its mascot.

There are multiple wine trails to explore Various locations While Illinois may be known more for cornfields than grapevines, Southern Illinois actually happens to be home to more than 20 wineries and vineyards.

The New Smoke. Thrillist Serves. Enter your email address Subscribe. Social Media Links. In the Tri-State Tornado was the deadliest on record, devastating the city of Murphysboro and killing people, the most in a single city in U.

The Wall Street Crash of and the Great Depression of the s caused coal miners to lose their jobs as most mines closed. Farmers could not sell their crops and lost their land; families defaulted on home mortgage loans; and young people from the region began leaving for the cities to find work.

After World War II, employment started to rise within the region, but unemployment continued to be a problem for the rural region for decades afterward.

Southern Illinois is slowly gaining a cultural identity apart from its neighbors, as previously-dispersed rural populations become more concentrated around the cities of Marion and Belleville.

Marion has grown tremendously since and in the process has been selected for Illinois' first STAR Bonds District for the Millennium Development, a project originally designed for a city ten times its size.

Populations among the smaller cities and towns have dropped significantly as people moved to the Carbondale-Herrin-Marion combined statistical area and Metro East.

This was a biblical reference to Egypt. Geographic features such as the Mississippi and its flood plains were like the fertile Nile valley. The Indian mounds of the area were large at the time and seemed like the pyramids of Egypt.

The nickname stuck and was reinforced by other events. In the s, poor harvests in the north of the state drove people to Southern Illinois to buy grain.

Today, the town of Cairo still stands on the peninsula where the Ohio River joins the Mississippi. Greek names were also related to the contemporary national pride in the new republic of the early 19th century, and were given to towns throughout the Midwest.

Egyptian names were concentrated in towns of Little Egypt but also appeared in towns further south. Although Illinois was a free state prior to the American Civil War , some residents in Little Egypt still owned slaves.

Illinois law generally forbade bringing slaves into Illinois, but a special exemption was given to the salt works near Equality.

In addition, an exception was made for slaveholders who held long-term indentured servants or descendants of slaves in the area before it achieved statehood.

The Underground Railroad also operated actively in southern Illinois, flowing nearly equally northward and southward with bounties available for returned slaves appealing to the residents there.

Slaves were going to " Canaan ", the land of milk and honey, for which at first glance Little Egypt would be an easy mistake. Directions to Underground Railroad travelers were coded in Bible verses or songs, and the story of Moses fleeing Egypt was certainly used as an analog to their own plight.

Egypt was the land to escape, and central Illinois represented the biblical Canaan, with Egypt being a treacherous southern Illinois.

The nicknames for this region also arose from the political tensions prior to and during the American Civil War , as regions of the state allied differently with North and South.

Because southern Illinois was settled by Southerners , they maintained a sympathy for many issues of their former home states. They supported the continuation of slavery and voted for Democrats at a time when the northern part of the state supported Republicans.

The meaning is expressed in this description of the campaign of Douglas and Abraham Lincoln:. The audience understood Douglas: overwhelming proslavery sentiment and Democratic unanimity in Egypt had led to the nickname.

In the fall of , Democrats took a majority of seats in the state legislature. They worked to pass provisions of a new constitution, an initiative begun in They proposed reapportionment so the southern region's less populous counties would have representation equal to those in the north, which was growing more rapidly.

Northern Illinois residents worried about the state coming under the political will of the southern minority. In addition, southern Illinois had become the center of the Knights of the Golden Circle , a secret group devoted to supporting the Confederacy.

With concern rising about armed southern sympathizers, in August , U. Marshal David Phillips arrested several Democrats who allegedly belonged to the Knights, including men in respectable positions: Congressmen, state representatives, and judges.

One was Circuit Judge Andrew Duff. They were sent to Washington, D. Democrats won across the state in the fall election.

After the war, other reasons were proposed for the nickname. Political divisions continued in the state. In the later 19th century, the central and southern agricultural areas joined the Populist Movement.

Chicago and the industrial North aligned with similar areas and continued as predominantly Republican into the 20th century.

In Judge Andrew Duff wrote an article in which he ignored the war years and preceding political divisions. He claimed the name of Egypt related to Southern Illinois' role in supplying grain to northern and central Illinois following the "Winter of the Deep Snow" in — Following a long winter and late spring, Upper Illinois lost much of its harvest in an early September frost.

Southern Illinois's weather gave it good crops, so it could ship grain and corn north. The nickname supposedly arose from similarities of the events to the Bible story of Jacob 's sons going to Egypt for grain to survive a famine.

Belly dancer Farida Mazar Spyropoulos ' appearance as "Little Egypt" at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago brought notoriety to the name, but she had no connection to the Illinois region.

Other dancers took up the stage which popularized it further in the early 20th century. Many Southern Illinois residents consider the area along and south of Interstate 70 as the dividing line between the Central and Southern parts of the state.

One can see this driving south along Interstate Terrain becomes noticeably less flat as one gets to Effingham.

Around and south of Effingham on the interstate, one sees more trees and terrain that is too hilly for most large farms.

The most populous region of Southern Illinois is the Illinois side of the St. Louis Metropolitan Statistical Area. Louis , which has had a turbulent history related to industrialization and labor, immigration and the struggle for equal rights.

City populations [16]. Bill of Rights and Miracle Whip salad dressing. Chester Illinois within West-Central Southern Illinois is noted as the "Home of Popeye ", where many of the influences for the characters were located.

Kaskaskia , the first state capital of Illinois is located near the Mississippi River. Rend Lake is located in this area.

Located within the western reaches of the Cache River , Southwest Illinois is the second most populated region. The region's most notable institution is the main campus of Southern Illinois University in Carbondale , winner of the All-America City Award , finalist in the contest, [17] [18] and the fastest growing city in Southern Illinois outside the Metro-East , Marion, Illinois.

The large Crab Orchard lake is the largest in the region. Historic Cairo sits to at the far southern end near the confluence of the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers.

The area includes many state parks and Garden of the Gods Wilderness. The historic town of Shawneetown is located on the Ohio River which is the eastern border of the region.

The Saline River forks through the region as well. Southern Illinois is home to a variety of television and radio sources. Some Southern Illinois radio stations are ran off of River Radio who operates Vernon and WDDD Illinois has been partially covered at times by continental ice sheets.

Specifically, Southern Illinois was only partially covered by continental ice sheet during the Illinoian Stage and not at all during the Wisconsin Stage.

Thus, the geography of Southern Illinois is considerably more hilly and rocky than central or northern Illinois.

Areas of Southern Illinois are more similar to the Ozarks than to central or northern Illinois. Additionally, the rich farm land of northern and central Illinois is generally not found in Southern Illinois.

Significant exceptions are the American Bottom along the Mississippi River and the alluvial soils of the Gulf Coastal Plain , a large region that has its northernmost extent in the two river valleys of Southern Illinois.

The region's other major river, the Ohio River , winds generally southwest, past Shawneetown , Cave-in-Rock , Elizabethtown , and Golconda.

Its waters join the Mississippi at Cairo. In ancient times, the Ohio is thought to have flowed a more northerly course through Pope and Pulaski counties.

It carved a broad valley there, fit for a major river. But today the underfit Bay Creek and Cache River occupy those valleys. The hills of Little Egypt can be divided into two areas.

The western area, more closely related to the Ozarks of Missouri , is chiefly in southern Jackson , Union , northern Alexander and Johnson counties.

The eastern area, more closely related to the Wabash Valley Seismic Zone , is mostly in northern Pope , southern Saline , Gallatin , eastern Johnson and southern Williamson counties.

Of southern Illinois' rivers, only the Mississippi and the Ohio are navigable for modern commerce. The Kaskaskia River and Wabash River are nearby. The Shawnee National Forest offers much to see and do.

Plant life is extremely diverse and ranges from sun-loving species to those that grow in dense shade. Tree cover dominates the publicly owned land, and is a significant component on privately owned lands.

Oak-hickory is the predominant timber type, however, many other commercially important timber species also occupy significant land.

More than wildlife species can be found in the Forest, including 48 mammals, birds, 52 reptiles, 57 amphibians, and species of fish.

There are seven federally listed threatened and endangered species that inhabit the Forest, as well as 33 species which are considered regionally sensitive, and Forest-listed species.

Southern Illinois lies on the border between humid continental climate Köppen climate classification Dfa and humid subtropical climate Köppen climate classification Cfa.

The region has neither large mountains nor large bodies of water to moderate its temperature and, thus, it is subject to both cold Arctic air and hot, humid tropical air from the Gulf of Mexico and, along with the rest of the midwestern United States, is home to some of the largest temperature extremes in the world.

The region has four distinct seasons. Spring is the wettest season and produces erratic severe weather ranging from tornadoes to winter storms.

Fall is mild with lower humidity and can produce intermittent bouts of heavy rainfall with the first snow flurries usually forming in late November.

Winters are cold with periodic snow and temperatures often below freezing, however thaws are usually frequent. Winter storm systems, such as Alberta clippers and Panhandle hooks , can bring days of heavy freezing rain , ice pellets , and snowfall.

Southern Illinois experiences thunderstorms about 50 days a year on average. Thunderstorms contribute over half of the annual precipitation.

Especially in the spring, these storms can often be severe, with high winds, large hail and tornadoes. Southern Illinois has been affected on more than one occasion by particularly damaging tornadoes.

In the s after the 5. Seismographic mapping completed by geologists reveal that monoclines , anticlines , and synclines are present within the region; these signs suggest deformation during the Paleozoic , coincident to strike-slip faulting nearby.

A fault plane solution of the earthquake confirmed two nodal planes both striking north—south and dipping approximately 45 degrees to the east and to the west.

This faulting suggests dip slip reverse motion , and to a horizontal east—west axis of confining stress. Southern Illinois at one time had an extensive network of railroads.

Now only Amtrak , the U. Carbondale is served with three trains daily to and from Chicago, and one train daily to and from Memphis and New Orleans.

Several trains each day run to and from Chicago and St. Louis, with Alton the major stop in Southern Illinois.

The St. Louis MetroLink is the light rail transit system in the Greater St. The system features 37 stations and carries an average of 61, people each weekday.

The Metro-East area near St. Louis has these additional freeways:. Southern Illinois has 4 major interstate freeways that connect with Missouri , Indiana , and Kentucky.

Depending on the definition of Little Egypt's boundaries, there are four interstates in the region. I is the main north—south freeway through Southern Illinois.

It runs through the center of the area. South of Marion is the western terminus of I It runs southeast, crossing into Paducah, Kentucky near Metropolis.

South of its junction with I, I bends to the southwest and crosses into Missouri near Illinois' southernmost point by Cairo. I runs east—west from St.

Louis to central Indiana. Louis to southern Indiana. It is cosigned with I for a short stretch at Mt. I is responsible for much of the growth found around the city of Marion.

Bridges and ferries are an important feature in the region, being it is surrounded on three sides by major rivers, the Ohio and Wabash rivers to the east and south, and the Mississippi River to the west.

Mississippi River in the St. Louis area :. A free ferry crosses the Ohio River at Cave-in-Rock. A toll ferry crosses the Mississippi at Ste.

Genevieve, Missouri , near Chester, Illinois. Four other ferries operate in Calhoun County. Southern Illinois has historically been a conservative Democratic region.

Even as the political parties have changed, Southern Illinois has consistently voted for Democratic candidates more times than not since Democratic roots in Southern Illinois relate to the region's shared culture with the South, where the Democratic Party before the American Civil War and after Reconstruction was dominant until the s.

Democratic affiliations were strengthened during the Great Depression and Franklin D. Roosevelt 's administration. Democratic candidates were competitive in the counties of Southern Illinois until around Beginning as recently as the presidential election of , Democrats have under-performed in Southern Illinois despite winning Illinois consecutively.

In the early months of the Civil War, some residents in Williamson County voted for secession from the Union. On April 15, the citizens of Marion passed a resolution calling for the division of Illinois and the secession of Southern Illinois.

The resolution was soon repealed, but General Benjamin Prentiss left a company of men near Marion for defense as he passed by on his way to a garrison in Cairo.

Despite some southern sympathizers, most young men in the region joined the Union Army. There are two main centers of commerce for Southern Illinois.

They consist of the St. Louis, Missouri metropolitan area home to approximately 2. The main agricultural products of Southern Illinois are crops such as corn and soybeans.

Apples , peaches, grapes, are commonly found throughout Southern Illinois as well as the occasional sunflower, cotton, wheat, hay, and milo fields.

In recent years there has been development of wineries in the Shawnee Hills region. Additional growth has occurred with the local foods movement as Southern Illinois' climate allows for fruit and vegetable production.

Southern Illinois is also the home to aquaculture, beef, swine, equine, sheep, goats, and other livestock production.

Agricultural efforts in the region are greatly aided by a small University of Illinois Extension research station near Dixon Springs and extensive research from Southern Illinois University — Carbondale's College of Agricultural Sciences.

SIUC is home to the state's only non-land grant research-focused university with an agricultural college which provides practical research to the scientific and agricultural communities both in Southern Illinois as well as the rest of the state and the broader region.

Southern Illinois also has significant coal deposits; however, since the late s, the coal industry has suffered significant decline due to the decreased demand for high-sulfur coal, which causes more pollution.

The collapse of the coal industry had profound and lasting impact on the region's economy. With the introduction and application of scrubber technology at power plants, demand for high-sulfur has made a return in the s.

The Illinois oil basin is located mostly in Little Egypt. During the early s and s, Little Egypt had a modest oil boom in towns such as Carmi, McLeansboro, and Lawrenceville.

Oil wells in the region have relatively low yield and produce oil with a high sulfur content, making it expensive to process.

There has been no significant drilling activity in the basin since the late s. Manufacturing in Southern Illinois is typically clustered in the largest towns of each county, with the people of smaller towns and villages often commuting to work in the factories.

Many of these towns have a number of light factories and other industrial facilities in their industrial parks. Products include industrial electronics, minor electrical items, automobile parts, and packaging materials.

Related services include large-scale printing as well as transportation and distribution of warehoused materials and goods. A high percentage of local jobs are in these light industries.

Culturally, Southern Illinois draws influences from the rest of Illinois but also from neighboring Missouri and Upper Southern states like Kentucky and Tennessee.

The immigration route from the east coast ran along the Ohio River, which joined settlements on both sides.

Southern illinois sites

Southern Illinois Sites Video

I drove through a sad, depressing small Illinois city. This is it.